How to install LINUX in your computer

LINUX INSTALLATION

Linux installation can be done in several ways……….

Here I am describing the most easy and popular way of installing Linux in your computer using the DVD – media………………..

1: insert Linux DVD in DVD- ROM, making sure that your pc- bios configured to use DVD as 1st boot device.

2: press enter to start installation.

3: if you want, you may test your install media, but it is not so necessary.(so skip it)

4: the installation wizard started. click next……

5: select the language and then keyboard layout and proceed on.click next……

6: then select the custom layout.

7: Now you have full control on hard drive partitions.

8:- To add new partition – click on new button. Add partition dialog box will appear. Then select mount point (root).

Give the size – 10,000 or 14,000 mb,  then press ok .

9:- Repeat the steps to create following partition:

/boot: – 100 mb; swap: – 2 * system RAM eg:- 1gb =2024; 2gb = 4024;

 / :-10,000 mb; / home :- 10,000 mb.

Then click next button

10:-Then a box appeared signifying that your GRUB boot loader is installed on /dev/hdc (linux directory). Mark it and click next.

11:- now you can change your lan card settings , if you desire, otherwise click next.

12:- select your nearest location and configure the clock. Unmark checkbox ‘system clock uses UTC’ if other OS are installed on your computer. Click next.

13:-Then account box appears, where you must choose a password for root account and confirm it.

14:- then a box appear which helps you to select the number of software packages to be installed with linux.

So marks on customize now and on Desktop-Gnome and Desktop-KDE and then click next.

15:- Then a windows appear , where you have to choose some groups on the left like application, desktop environment, development, servers,etc. and its subgroup on right. Then press next.

16:- the system is ready to install – click on ‘next’.

17:- then the first start- the first boot –wizard appears. Click on forward.

18:- here you can edit the firewall settings if you want.Click on forward.

19:- then the SELinux windows appears, I recommend to deactivate SELinux – it can cause many problems, especially if you are using software from additional repositories. Click on forward.

20:- then finally your Linux desktop appears after your installation .

 CHEERS…:)

WINDOWS vs LINUX : Comparison, Features and Security of Windows and LINUX

WE ARE ON OUR JOURNEY OF LINUX…….. EARLIER I HAVE JUST  GIVEN AN INTRO OF LINUX, BRIEF HISTORY, SHELL, KERNEL…….. now here I am going to give you some points which tells you about how the Linux differs from other OS(WINDOWS).

As I have earlier discuss on the basics of linux, so here before starting the difference between linux and other operating systems working and their features, i want to tell you some quick review of  WHAT ACTUALLY THE LINUX IS :-

LINUX IS THE KERNEL OF OPERATING SYSTEMS THAT LOOK LIKE AND PERFORM AS WELL OR BETTER THAN THE FAMOUS OPERATING SYSTEMS FROM AT & T BELL LABS. LINUS TORVALDS AND A LOOSELY KNIT TEAM OF VOLUNTEER HACKERS FROM ACROSS THE INTERNET WROTE LINUX FROM SCRATCH. IT HAS ALL OF THE FEATURES OF A MODERN , FULLY FLEDGED OPERATING SYSTEM:- TRUE MULTITASKING , VIRTUAL MEMORIES, SHARED LIBRARIES, DEMAND LOADING, SHARED, COPY-ON-WRITE EXECUTABLES, PROPER MEMORY MANAGEMENT, AND TCP/IP NETWORKING.

THE TRUE MEANING OF LINUX  IS “LINUS”  WHICH MEANS TO SAY “HELLO”

 

 

COMPARISON  BETWEEN LINUX AND WINDOWS:-

LINUX

WINDOWS

 

 

 

 
1: LINUX IS AN MULTI-USER AND MULTITASKING OPERATING SYSTEM.

2: USERS CAN EDIT , CHANGE THE CODE, THE DESIGN OF THE OPERATING SYSTEMFOR THE BETTER  USING OF THE COMPUTER.

3: LINUX EVOLVED FROM DIFFERENT ORGANISATION OR CAMPANIES LIKE RED HAT, UBUNTU, ETC.

4: IT IS CUSTOMIZABLE.

5: FREELY AVAILABLE FOR OFFICE OR HOME USE.

6: HIGH SECURITY WITH MUCH FEWER AMOUNT OF BUGS.

7: BOOT FROM EITHER PRIMARY

OR LOGICAL PARTITION AND FROM ANY HARD DISK IN COMPUTER.

8: IT SEPARATES DIRECTORIES WITH A NORMAL FORWARD SLASH. EG;- /MOUNT

9: LINUX FILES NAME ARE CASE SENSITIVE.

E.G:- “cat” AND” CAT” ARE DIFFERENT FILES IN LINUX.

          Capturewin 1:WINDOWS IS AN SINGLE USER OPERATING SYSTEM.
2: USERS CAN’T DO ANYTHING AS IN LINUX DUE TO THE MONOPOLY POSITION OF WINDOWS.

3: ALL STAGE BY STAGE FLAVOURS OF WINDOWS COME FROM MICROSOFT.

4: IT IS NON-CUSTOMIZABLE.

5: AVAILABLE BUT EXPENSIVE.

6: ONE CAN LOGIN WITHOUT ANY ID OR PASSWORD.IT IS NOT SO SECURE AND CONTAINS MUCH FEWER BUGS.

7: WINDOWS MUST BOOT FROM A PRIMARY PARTITION AND FROM A 1ST HARD DISK.

8: SEPARATES DIRECTORIES WITH BACK SLASH.

9: FILES NAMESARE NOT CASE SENSITIVE.

E.G:- “abc” AND “ABC” ARE SAME FILE IN WINDOWS.